For the 2022 spring calving season at Eden Shale we had 92% of our calf crop born in 45 days. That does not happen by accident. It takes planning, preparation, and a whole lot of effort in getting the cows bred (preferably on the first heat cycle). Below is a list of cattle work we have completed in managing our spring calving cow herd at the farm.
This year during the month of June we continued our work with the heifers in the paddocks. As you recall, our replacement heifers are part of a two year trial that is taking place in partnership with USDA and UK College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. We are working with Brittany Harlow (USDA-ARS) and Dr. Les Anderson (UK Animal Science) to manage the project.
The purpose of this trial is to determine if pulverized clover, fed in free choice mineral, can have a positive impact on the heat stress in cattle due to toxic fescue. This study will take into consideration heat stress of the animals, hair coat and body condition scores, pregnancy rates, and average daily gains.
The heifers have also been tagged with Cow Manager ear tags which will collect data about the animals, such as how much time is spent grazing, herd activity, and body temperature. Readers have been placed on the shade structures which capture the data when the heifers get within 110 feet, then shoot it to a laptop receiver which is located in an upstairs window of the farm house facing the paddocks. Not only does this collect tons of data, but Harlow and Anderson can watch the data in real time on their smart phones. It is certainly a powerful tool for accurate data collection.
Per usual, the heifers were synchronized and exposed to one round of AI. The heifers were bred the first round of AI on May 20th. For this first breeding, the heifers were bred using semen that was sexed with 80% steer and 20% heifer semen. Then 19 days later Dr. Anderson pregnancy checked the heifers and anything that was open received another CIDR to be resynchronized for a second round of AI service. The second round of AI occurred on June 20th.
Every trip through the chute the heifers get weighted, body condition scored, hair coat scored, blood sample collected, and ultra sounded for blood vessel dilation (effects of toxic fescue). After pre-breeding shots and two rounds of AI synchronization and breeding, these heifers have been through the chute more times at 18 months old than most cows will do in a lifetime.
Brittan Harlow and Tracy Hamilton (USDA-ARS) are also measuring mineral intake every week, and conducting vegetation counts in all the paddocks for each group of heifers. There are two control groups that are not on the clover mineral and two treatment groups that are on the clover mineral.
The heifers will be pregnancy checked at the end of the breeding season to determine conception rates, and all the data will be analysis to determine if the clover had an effect on reducing heat stress in the animals. This is the second year conducting this study to collect more iterations of data. As the two year project wraps up I will share the findings in future articles. Until then, you can follow along at www.edenshalefarm.com